view OrthancServer/Sources/ServerJobs/ArchiveJob.cpp @ 5527:93dcc555b655 Orthanc-1.12.3

Orthanc-1.12.3
author Sebastien Jodogne <s.jodogne@gmail.com>
date Wed, 31 Jan 2024 12:33:17 +0100
parents 48b8dae6dc77
children f7adfb22e20e
line wrap: on
line source

/**
 * Orthanc - A Lightweight, RESTful DICOM Store
 * Copyright (C) 2012-2016 Sebastien Jodogne, Medical Physics
 * Department, University Hospital of Liege, Belgium
 * Copyright (C) 2017-2024 Osimis S.A., Belgium
 * Copyright (C) 2021-2024 Sebastien Jodogne, ICTEAM UCLouvain, Belgium
 *
 * This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
 * published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the
 * License, or (at your option) any later version.
 * 
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
 * General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 **/


#include "../PrecompiledHeadersServer.h"
#include "ArchiveJob.h"

#include "../../../OrthancFramework/Sources/Cache/SharedArchive.h"
#include "../../../OrthancFramework/Sources/Compression/HierarchicalZipWriter.h"
#include "../../../OrthancFramework/Sources/DicomParsing/DicomDirWriter.h"
#include "../../../OrthancFramework/Sources/DicomParsing/FromDcmtkBridge.h"
#include "../../../OrthancFramework/Sources/Logging.h"
#include "../../../OrthancFramework/Sources/OrthancException.h"
#include "../../../OrthancFramework/Sources/MultiThreading/Semaphore.h"
#include "../OrthancConfiguration.h"
#include "../ServerContext.h"

#include <stdio.h>
#include <boost/range/algorithm/count.hpp>

#if defined(_MSC_VER)
#define snprintf _snprintf
#endif

static const uint64_t MEGA_BYTES = 1024 * 1024;
static const uint64_t GIGA_BYTES = 1024 * 1024 * 1024;

static const char* const MEDIA_IMAGES_FOLDER = "IMAGES"; 
static const char* const KEY_DESCRIPTION = "Description";
static const char* const KEY_INSTANCES_COUNT = "InstancesCount";
static const char* const KEY_UNCOMPRESSED_SIZE_MB = "UncompressedSizeMB";
static const char* const KEY_ARCHIVE_SIZE_MB = "ArchiveSizeMB";
static const char* const KEY_UNCOMPRESSED_SIZE = "UncompressedSize";
static const char* const KEY_ARCHIVE_SIZE = "ArchiveSize";
static const char* const KEY_TRANSCODE = "Transcode";


namespace Orthanc
{
  static bool IsZip64Required(uint64_t uncompressedSize,
                              unsigned int countInstances)
  {
    static const uint64_t      SAFETY_MARGIN = 64 * MEGA_BYTES;  // Should be large enough to hold DICOMDIR
    static const unsigned int  FILES_MARGIN = 10;

    /**
     * Determine whether ZIP64 is required. Original ZIP format can
     * store up to 2GB of data (some implementation supporting up to
     * 4GB of data), and up to 65535 files.
     * https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zip_(file_format)#ZIP64
     **/

    const bool isZip64 = (uncompressedSize >= 2 * GIGA_BYTES - SAFETY_MARGIN ||
                          countInstances >= 65535 - FILES_MARGIN);

    LOG(INFO) << "Creating a ZIP file with " << countInstances << " files of size "
              << Toolbox::GetHumanFileSize(uncompressedSize) << " using the "
              << (isZip64 ? "ZIP64" : "ZIP32") << " file format";

    return isZip64;
  }


  class ArchiveJob::InstanceLoader : public boost::noncopyable
  {
  protected:
    ServerContext&                        context_;
    bool                                  transcode_;
    DicomTransferSyntax                   transferSyntax_;
  public:
    explicit InstanceLoader(ServerContext& context, bool transcode, DicomTransferSyntax transferSyntax)
    : context_(context),
      transcode_(transcode),
      transferSyntax_(transferSyntax)
    {
    }

    virtual ~InstanceLoader()
    {
    }

    virtual void PrepareDicom(const std::string& instanceId)
    {
    }

    bool TranscodeDicom(std::string& transcodedBuffer, const std::string& sourceBuffer, const std::string& instanceId)
    {
      if (transcode_)
      {
        std::set<DicomTransferSyntax> syntaxes;
        syntaxes.insert(transferSyntax_);

        IDicomTranscoder::DicomImage source, transcoded;
        source.SetExternalBuffer(sourceBuffer);

        if (context_.Transcode(transcoded, source, syntaxes, true /* allow new SOP instance UID */))
        {
          transcodedBuffer.assign(reinterpret_cast<const char*>(transcoded.GetBufferData()), transcoded.GetBufferSize());
          return true;
        }
        else
        {
          LOG(INFO) << "Cannot transcode instance " << instanceId
                    << " to transfer syntax: " << GetTransferSyntaxUid(transferSyntax_);
        }
      }

      return false;
    }

    virtual void GetDicom(std::string& dicom, const std::string& instanceId) = 0;

    virtual void Clear()
    {
    }
  };

  class ArchiveJob::SynchronousInstanceLoader : public ArchiveJob::InstanceLoader
  {
  public:
    explicit SynchronousInstanceLoader(ServerContext& context, bool transcode, DicomTransferSyntax transferSyntax)
    : InstanceLoader(context, transcode, transferSyntax)
    {
    }

    virtual void GetDicom(std::string& dicom, const std::string& instanceId) ORTHANC_OVERRIDE
    {
      context_.ReadDicom(dicom, instanceId);

      if (transcode_)
      {
        std::string transcoded;
        if (TranscodeDicom(transcoded, dicom, instanceId))
        {
          dicom.swap(transcoded);
        }
      }
      
    }
  };

  class InstanceId : public Orthanc::IDynamicObject
  {
  private:
    std::string id_;

  public:
    explicit InstanceId(const std::string& id) : id_(id)
    {
    }

    virtual ~InstanceId() ORTHANC_OVERRIDE
    {
    }

    std::string GetId() const {return id_;};
  };

  class ArchiveJob::ThreadedInstanceLoader : public ArchiveJob::InstanceLoader
  {
    Semaphore                           availableInstancesSemaphore_;
    Semaphore                           bufferedInstancesSemaphore_;
    std::map<std::string, boost::shared_ptr<std::string> >  availableInstances_;
    boost::mutex                        availableInstancesMutex_;
    SharedMessageQueue                  instancesToPreload_;
    std::vector<boost::thread*>         threads_;


  public:
    ThreadedInstanceLoader(ServerContext& context, size_t threadCount, bool transcode, DicomTransferSyntax transferSyntax)
    : InstanceLoader(context, transcode, transferSyntax),
      availableInstancesSemaphore_(0),
      bufferedInstancesSemaphore_(3*threadCount)
    {
      for (size_t i = 0; i < threadCount; i++)
      {
        threads_.push_back(new boost::thread(PreloaderWorkerThread, this));
      }
    }

    virtual ~ThreadedInstanceLoader()
    {
      Clear();
    }

    virtual void Clear() ORTHANC_OVERRIDE
    {
      for (size_t i = 0; i < threads_.size(); i++)
      {
        instancesToPreload_.Enqueue(NULL);
      }

      for (size_t i = 0; i < threads_.size(); i++)
      {
        if (threads_[i]->joinable())
        {
          threads_[i]->join();
        }
        delete threads_[i];
      }

      threads_.clear();
      availableInstances_.clear();
    }

    static void PreloaderWorkerThread(ThreadedInstanceLoader* that)
    {
      static uint16_t threadCounter = 0;
      Logging::SetCurrentThreadName(std::string("ARCH-LOAD-") + boost::lexical_cast<std::string>(threadCounter++));

      while (true)
      {
        std::unique_ptr<InstanceId> instanceId(dynamic_cast<InstanceId*>(that->instancesToPreload_.Dequeue(0)));
        if (instanceId.get() == NULL)  // that's the signal to exit the thread
        {
          return;
        }
        
        // wait for the consumers (zip writer), no need to accumulate instances in memory if loaders are faster than writers
        that->bufferedInstancesSemaphore_.Acquire();

        try
        {
          boost::shared_ptr<std::string> dicomContent(new std::string());
          that->context_.ReadDicom(*dicomContent, instanceId->GetId());

          if (that->transcode_)
          {
            boost::shared_ptr<std::string> transcodedDicom(new std::string());
            if (that->TranscodeDicom(*transcodedDicom, *dicomContent, instanceId->GetId()))
            {
              dicomContent = transcodedDicom;
            }
          }

          {
            boost::mutex::scoped_lock lock(that->availableInstancesMutex_);
            that->availableInstances_[instanceId->GetId()] = dicomContent;
          }

          that->availableInstancesSemaphore_.Release();
        }
        catch (OrthancException& e)
        {
          boost::mutex::scoped_lock lock(that->availableInstancesMutex_);
          // store a NULL result to notify that we could not read the instance
          that->availableInstances_[instanceId->GetId()] = boost::shared_ptr<std::string>(); 
          that->availableInstancesSemaphore_.Release();
        }
      }
    }

    virtual void PrepareDicom(const std::string& instanceId) ORTHANC_OVERRIDE
    {
      instancesToPreload_.Enqueue(new InstanceId(instanceId));
    }

    virtual void GetDicom(std::string& dicom, const std::string& instanceId) ORTHANC_OVERRIDE
    {
      while (true)
      {
        // wait for an instance to be available but this might not be the one we are waiting for !
        availableInstancesSemaphore_.Acquire();
        bufferedInstancesSemaphore_.Release(); // unlock the "flow" of loaders

        boost::shared_ptr<std::string> dicomContent;
        {
          if (availableInstances_.find(instanceId) != availableInstances_.end())
          {
            // this is the instance we were waiting for
            dicomContent = availableInstances_[instanceId];
            availableInstances_.erase(instanceId);

            if (dicomContent.get() == NULL)  // there has been an error while reading the file
            {
              throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_InexistentItem);
            }
            dicom.swap(*dicomContent);

            if (availableInstances_.size() > 0)
            {
              // we have just read the instance we were waiting for but there are still other instances available ->
              // make sure the next GetDicom call does not wait !
              availableInstancesSemaphore_.Release();
            }
            return;
          }
          // we have not found the expected instance, simply wait for the next loader thread to signal the semaphore when
          // a new instance is available
        }
      }
    }
  };

  // This enum defines specific resource types to be used when exporting the archive.
  // It defines if we should use the PatientInfo from the Patient or from the Study.
  enum ArchiveResourceType
  {
    ArchiveResourceType_Patient = 0,
    ArchiveResourceType_PatientInfoFromStudy = 1,
    ArchiveResourceType_Study = 2,
    ArchiveResourceType_Series = 3,
    ArchiveResourceType_Instance = 4
  };

  ResourceType GetResourceIdType(ArchiveResourceType type)
  {
    switch (type)
    {
      case ArchiveResourceType_Patient:
        return ResourceType_Patient;
      case ArchiveResourceType_PatientInfoFromStudy: // get the Patient tags from the Study id
        return ResourceType_Study;
      case ArchiveResourceType_Study:
        return ResourceType_Study;
      case ArchiveResourceType_Series:
        return ResourceType_Series;
      case ArchiveResourceType_Instance:
        return ResourceType_Instance;
      default:
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_ParameterOutOfRange);
    }
  }

  ResourceType GetResourceLevel(ArchiveResourceType type)
  {
    switch (type)
    {
      case ArchiveResourceType_Patient:
        return ResourceType_Patient;
      case ArchiveResourceType_PatientInfoFromStudy: // this is actually the same level as the Patient
        return ResourceType_Patient;
      case ArchiveResourceType_Study:
        return ResourceType_Study;
      case ArchiveResourceType_Series:
        return ResourceType_Series;
      case ArchiveResourceType_Instance:
        return ResourceType_Instance;
      default:
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_ParameterOutOfRange);
    }
  }

  ArchiveResourceType GetArchiveResourceType(ResourceType type)
  {
    switch (type)
    {
      case ResourceType_Patient:
        return ArchiveResourceType_Patient;
      case ArchiveResourceType_Study:
       return ArchiveResourceType_PatientInfoFromStudy;
      case ResourceType_Series:
        return ArchiveResourceType_Series;
      case ResourceType_Instance:
        return ArchiveResourceType_Instance;
      default:
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_ParameterOutOfRange);
    }
  }

  ArchiveResourceType GetChildResourceType(ArchiveResourceType type)
  {
    switch (type)
    {
      case ArchiveResourceType_Patient:
      case ArchiveResourceType_PatientInfoFromStudy:
        return ArchiveResourceType_Study;

      case ArchiveResourceType_Study:
        return ArchiveResourceType_Series;
        
      case ArchiveResourceType_Series:
        return ArchiveResourceType_Instance;

      default:
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_ParameterOutOfRange);
    }
  }


  class ArchiveJob::ResourceIdentifiers : public boost::noncopyable
  {
  private:
    ResourceType   level_;
    std::string    patient_;
    std::string    study_;
    std::string    series_;
    std::string    instance_;

    static void GoToParent(ServerIndex& index,
                           std::string& current)
    {
      std::string tmp;

      if (index.LookupParent(tmp, current))
      {
        current = tmp;
      }
      else
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_UnknownResource);
      }
    }


  public:
    ResourceIdentifiers(ServerIndex& index,
                        const std::string& publicId)
    {
      if (!index.LookupResourceType(level_, publicId))
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_UnknownResource);
      }

      std::string current = publicId;;
      switch (level_)  // Do not add "break" below!
      {
        case ResourceType_Instance:
          instance_ = current;
          GoToParent(index, current);
            
        case ResourceType_Series:
          series_ = current;
          GoToParent(index, current);

        case ResourceType_Study:
          study_ = current;
          GoToParent(index, current);

        case ResourceType_Patient:
          patient_ = current;
          break;

        default:
          throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_InternalError);
      }
    }

    ResourceType GetLevel() const
    {
      return level_;
    }

    const std::string& GetIdentifier(ResourceType level) const
    {
      // Some sanity check to ensure enumerations are not altered
      assert(ResourceType_Patient < ResourceType_Study);
      assert(ResourceType_Study < ResourceType_Series);
      assert(ResourceType_Series < ResourceType_Instance);

      if (level > level_)
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_InternalError);
      }

      switch (level)
      {
        case ResourceType_Patient:
          return patient_;

        case ResourceType_Study:
          return study_;

        case ResourceType_Series:
          return series_;

        case ResourceType_Instance:
          return instance_;

        default:
          throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_InternalError);
      }
    }
  };


  class ArchiveJob::IArchiveVisitor : public boost::noncopyable
  {
  public:
    virtual ~IArchiveVisitor()
    {
    }

    virtual void Open(ArchiveResourceType level,
                      const std::string& publicId) = 0;

    virtual void Close() = 0;

    virtual void AddInstance(const std::string& instanceId,
                             uint64_t uncompressedSize) = 0;
  };


  class ArchiveJob::ArchiveIndex : public boost::noncopyable
  {
  private:
    struct Instance
    {
      std::string  id_;
      uint64_t     uncompressedSize_;

      Instance(const std::string& id,
               uint64_t uncompressedSize) : 
        id_(id),
        uncompressedSize_(uncompressedSize)
      {
      }
    };

    // A "NULL" value for ArchiveIndex indicates a non-expanded node
    typedef std::map<std::string, ArchiveIndex*>   Resources;

    ArchiveResourceType  level_;
    Resources            resources_;   // Only at patient/study/series level
    std::list<Instance>  instances_;   // Only at instance level


    void AddResourceToExpand(ServerIndex& index,
                             const std::string& id)
    {
      if (level_ == ArchiveResourceType_Instance)
      {
        FileInfo tmp;
        int64_t revision;  // ignored
        if (index.LookupAttachment(tmp, revision, id, FileContentType_Dicom))
        {
          instances_.push_back(Instance(id, tmp.GetUncompressedSize()));
        }
      }
      else
      {
        resources_[id] = NULL;
      }
    }


  public:
    explicit ArchiveIndex(ArchiveResourceType level) :
      level_(level)
    {
    }

    ~ArchiveIndex()
    {
      for (Resources::iterator it = resources_.begin();
           it != resources_.end(); ++it)
      {
        delete it->second;
      }
    }


    void Add(ServerIndex& index,
             const ResourceIdentifiers& resource)
    {
      const std::string& id = resource.GetIdentifier(GetResourceIdType(level_));
      Resources::iterator previous = resources_.find(id);

      if (level_ == ArchiveResourceType_Instance)
      {
        AddResourceToExpand(index, id);
      }
      else if (resource.GetLevel() == GetResourceLevel(level_))
      {
        // Mark this resource for further expansion
        if (previous != resources_.end())
        {
          delete previous->second;
        }

        resources_[id] = NULL;
      }
      else if (previous == resources_.end())
      {
        // This is the first time we meet this resource
        std::unique_ptr<ArchiveIndex> child(new ArchiveIndex(GetChildResourceType(level_)));
        child->Add(index, resource);
        resources_[id] = child.release();
      }
      else if (previous->second != NULL)
      {
        previous->second->Add(index, resource);
      }
      else
      {
        // Nothing to do: This item is marked for further expansion
      }
    }


    void Expand(ServerIndex& index)
    {
      if (level_ == ArchiveResourceType_Instance)
      {
        // Expanding an instance node makes no sense
        return;
      }

      for (Resources::iterator it = resources_.begin();
           it != resources_.end(); ++it)
      {
        if (it->second == NULL)
        {
          // This is resource is marked for expansion
          std::list<std::string> children;
          index.GetChildren(children, it->first);

          std::unique_ptr<ArchiveIndex> child(new ArchiveIndex(GetChildResourceType(level_)));

          for (std::list<std::string>::const_iterator 
                 it2 = children.begin(); it2 != children.end(); ++it2)
          {
            child->AddResourceToExpand(index, *it2);
          }

          it->second = child.release();
        }

        assert(it->second != NULL);
        it->second->Expand(index);
      }        
    }


    void Apply(IArchiveVisitor& visitor) const
    {
      if (level_ == ArchiveResourceType_Instance)
      {
        for (std::list<Instance>::const_iterator 
               it = instances_.begin(); it != instances_.end(); ++it)
        {
          visitor.AddInstance(it->id_, it->uncompressedSize_);
        }          
      }
      else
      {
        for (Resources::const_iterator it = resources_.begin();
             it != resources_.end(); ++it)
        {
          assert(it->second != NULL);  // There must have been a call to "Expand()"
          visitor.Open(level_, it->first);
          it->second->Apply(visitor);
          visitor.Close();
        }
      }
    }
  };



  class ArchiveJob::ZipCommands : public boost::noncopyable
  {
  private:
    enum Type
    {
      Type_OpenDirectory,
      Type_CloseDirectory,
      Type_WriteInstance
    };

    class Command : public boost::noncopyable
    {
    private:
      Type          type_;
      std::string   filename_;
      std::string   instanceId_;

    public:
      explicit Command(Type type) :
        type_(type)
      {
        assert(type_ == Type_CloseDirectory);
      }
        
      Command(Type type,
              const std::string& filename) :
        type_(type),
        filename_(filename)
      {
        assert(type_ == Type_OpenDirectory);
      }
        
      Command(Type type,
              const std::string& filename,
              const std::string& instanceId) :
        type_(type),
        filename_(filename),
        instanceId_(instanceId)
      {
        assert(type_ == Type_WriteInstance);
      }
        
      void Apply(HierarchicalZipWriter& writer,
                 ServerContext& context,
                 InstanceLoader& instanceLoader,
                 DicomDirWriter* dicomDir,
                 const std::string& dicomDirFolder,
                 bool transcode,
                 DicomTransferSyntax transferSyntax) const
      {
        switch (type_)
        {
          case Type_OpenDirectory:
            writer.OpenDirectory(filename_.c_str());
            break;

          case Type_CloseDirectory:
            writer.CloseDirectory();
            break;

          case Type_WriteInstance:
          {
            std::string content;

            try
            {
              instanceLoader.GetDicom(content, instanceId_);
            }
            catch (OrthancException& e)
            {
              LOG(WARNING) << "An instance was removed after the job was issued: " << instanceId_;
              return;
            }

            writer.OpenFile(filename_.c_str());

            std::unique_ptr<ParsedDicomFile> parsed;
            
            writer.Write(content);

            if (dicomDir != NULL)
            {
              if (parsed.get() == NULL)
              {
                parsed.reset(new ParsedDicomFile(content));
              }

              dicomDir->Add(dicomDirFolder, filename_, *parsed);
            }
              
            break;
          }

          default:
            throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_InternalError);
        }
      }
    };
      
    std::deque<Command*>  commands_;
    uint64_t              uncompressedSize_;
    unsigned int          instancesCount_;
    InstanceLoader&       instanceLoader_;

      
    void ApplyInternal(HierarchicalZipWriter& writer,
                       ServerContext& context,
                       InstanceLoader& instanceLoader,
                       size_t index,
                       DicomDirWriter* dicomDir,
                       const std::string& dicomDirFolder,
                       bool transcode,
                       DicomTransferSyntax transferSyntax) const
    {
      if (index >= commands_.size())
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_ParameterOutOfRange);
      }

      commands_[index]->Apply(writer, context, instanceLoader, dicomDir, dicomDirFolder, transcode, transferSyntax);
    }
      
  public:
    explicit ZipCommands(InstanceLoader& instanceLoader) :
      uncompressedSize_(0),
      instancesCount_(0),
      instanceLoader_(instanceLoader)
    {
    }
      
    ~ZipCommands()
    {
      for (std::deque<Command*>::iterator it = commands_.begin();
           it != commands_.end(); ++it)
      {
        assert(*it != NULL);
        delete *it;
      }
    }

    size_t GetSize() const
    {
      return commands_.size();
    }

    unsigned int GetInstancesCount() const
    {
      return instancesCount_;
    }

    uint64_t GetUncompressedSize() const
    {
      return uncompressedSize_;
    }

    // "media" flavor (with DICOMDIR)
    void Apply(HierarchicalZipWriter& writer,
               ServerContext& context,
               InstanceLoader& instanceLoader,
               size_t index,
               DicomDirWriter& dicomDir,
               const std::string& dicomDirFolder,
               bool transcode,
               DicomTransferSyntax transferSyntax) const
    {
      ApplyInternal(writer, context, instanceLoader, index, &dicomDir, dicomDirFolder, transcode, transferSyntax);
    }

    // "archive" flavor (without DICOMDIR)
    void Apply(HierarchicalZipWriter& writer,
               ServerContext& context,
               InstanceLoader& instanceLoader,
               size_t index,
               bool transcode,
               DicomTransferSyntax transferSyntax) const
    {
      ApplyInternal(writer, context, instanceLoader, index, NULL, "", transcode, transferSyntax);
    }
      
    void AddOpenDirectory(const std::string& filename)
    {
      commands_.push_back(new Command(Type_OpenDirectory, filename));
    }

    void AddCloseDirectory()
    {
      commands_.push_back(new Command(Type_CloseDirectory));
    }

    void AddWriteInstance(const std::string& filename,
                          const std::string& instanceId,
                          uint64_t uncompressedSize)
    {
      instanceLoader_.PrepareDicom(instanceId);
      commands_.push_back(new Command(Type_WriteInstance, filename, instanceId));
      instancesCount_ ++;
      uncompressedSize_ += uncompressedSize;
    }

    bool IsZip64() const
    {
      return IsZip64Required(GetUncompressedSize(), GetInstancesCount());
    }
  };
    
    

  class ArchiveJob::ArchiveIndexVisitor : public IArchiveVisitor
  {
  private:
    ZipCommands&    commands_;
    ServerContext&  context_;
    char            instanceFormat_[24];
    unsigned int    counter_;

    static std::string GetTag(const DicomMap& tags,
                              const DicomTag& tag)
    {
      const DicomValue* v = tags.TestAndGetValue(tag);
      if (v != NULL &&
          !v->IsBinary() &&
          !v->IsNull())
      {
        return v->GetContent();
      }
      else
      {
        return "";
      }
    }

  public:
    ArchiveIndexVisitor(ZipCommands& commands,
                        ServerContext& context) :
      commands_(commands),
      context_(context),
      counter_(0)
    {
      if (commands.GetSize() != 0)
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
      }
        
      snprintf(instanceFormat_, sizeof(instanceFormat_) - 1, "%%08d.dcm");
    }

    virtual void Open(ArchiveResourceType level,
                      const std::string& publicId) ORTHANC_OVERRIDE
    {
      std::string path;

      DicomMap tags;
      ResourceType resourceIdLevel = GetResourceIdType(level);
      ResourceType interestLevel = (level == ArchiveResourceType_PatientInfoFromStudy ? ResourceType_Patient : resourceIdLevel);

      if (context_.GetIndex().GetMainDicomTags(tags, publicId, resourceIdLevel, interestLevel))
      {
        switch (level)
        {
          case ArchiveResourceType_Patient:
          case ArchiveResourceType_PatientInfoFromStudy:
            path = GetTag(tags, DICOM_TAG_PATIENT_ID) + " " + GetTag(tags, DICOM_TAG_PATIENT_NAME);
            break;

          case ArchiveResourceType_Study:
            path = GetTag(tags, DICOM_TAG_ACCESSION_NUMBER) + " " + GetTag(tags, DICOM_TAG_STUDY_DESCRIPTION);
            break;

          case ArchiveResourceType_Series:
          {
            std::string modality = GetTag(tags, DICOM_TAG_MODALITY);
            path = modality + " " + GetTag(tags, DICOM_TAG_SERIES_DESCRIPTION);

            if (modality.size() == 0)
            {
              snprintf(instanceFormat_, sizeof(instanceFormat_) - 1, "%%08d.dcm");
            }
            else if (modality.size() == 1)
            {
              snprintf(instanceFormat_, sizeof(instanceFormat_) - 1, "%c%%07d.dcm", 
                       toupper(modality[0]));
            }
            else if (modality.size() >= 2)
            {
              snprintf(instanceFormat_, sizeof(instanceFormat_) - 1, "%c%c%%06d.dcm", 
                       toupper(modality[0]), toupper(modality[1]));
            }

            counter_ = 0;

            break;
          }

          default:
            throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_InternalError);
        }
      }

      path = Toolbox::StripSpaces(Toolbox::ConvertToAscii(path));

      if (path.empty() 
          || (static_cast<size_t>(boost::count(path, '^')) == path.size()))  // this happens with non ASCII patient names: only the '^' remains and this is not a valid zip folder name
      {
        path = std::string("Unknown ") + EnumerationToString(GetResourceLevel(level));
      }

      commands_.AddOpenDirectory(path.c_str());
    }

    virtual void Close() ORTHANC_OVERRIDE
    {
      commands_.AddCloseDirectory();
    }

    virtual void AddInstance(const std::string& instanceId,
                             uint64_t uncompressedSize) ORTHANC_OVERRIDE
    {
      char filename[24];
      snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename) - 1, instanceFormat_, counter_);
      counter_ ++;

      commands_.AddWriteInstance(filename, instanceId, uncompressedSize);
    }
  };

    
  class ArchiveJob::MediaIndexVisitor : public IArchiveVisitor
  {
  private:
    ZipCommands&    commands_;
    unsigned int    counter_;

  public:
    explicit MediaIndexVisitor(ZipCommands& commands) :
      commands_(commands),
      counter_(0)
    {
    }

    virtual void Open(ArchiveResourceType level,
                      const std::string& publicId) ORTHANC_OVERRIDE
    {
    }

    virtual void Close() ORTHANC_OVERRIDE
    {
    }

    virtual void AddInstance(const std::string& instanceId,
                             uint64_t uncompressedSize) ORTHANC_OVERRIDE
    {
      // "DICOM restricts the filenames on DICOM media to 8
      // characters (some systems wrongly use 8.3, but this does not
      // conform to the standard)."
      std::string filename = "IM" + boost::lexical_cast<std::string>(counter_);
      commands_.AddWriteInstance(filename, instanceId, uncompressedSize);

      counter_ ++;
    }
  };


  class ArchiveJob::ZipWriterIterator : public boost::noncopyable
  {
  private:
    ServerContext&                          context_;
    InstanceLoader&                         instanceLoader_;
    ZipCommands                             commands_;
    std::unique_ptr<HierarchicalZipWriter>  zip_;
    std::unique_ptr<DicomDirWriter>         dicomDir_;
    bool                                    isMedia_;
    bool                                    isStream_;

  public:
    ZipWriterIterator(ServerContext& context,
                      InstanceLoader& instanceLoader,
                      ArchiveIndex& archive,
                      bool isMedia,
                      bool enableExtendedSopClass) :
      context_(context),
      instanceLoader_(instanceLoader),
      commands_(instanceLoader),
      isMedia_(isMedia),
      isStream_(false)
    {
      if (isMedia)
      {
        MediaIndexVisitor visitor(commands_);
        archive.Expand(context.GetIndex());

        commands_.AddOpenDirectory(MEDIA_IMAGES_FOLDER);        
        archive.Apply(visitor);
        commands_.AddCloseDirectory();

        dicomDir_.reset(new DicomDirWriter);
        dicomDir_->EnableExtendedSopClass(enableExtendedSopClass);
      }
      else
      {
        ArchiveIndexVisitor visitor(commands_, context);
        archive.Expand(context.GetIndex());
        archive.Apply(visitor);
      }
    }

    void SetOutputFile(const std::string& path)
    {
      if (zip_.get() == NULL)
      {
        zip_.reset(new HierarchicalZipWriter(path.c_str()));
        zip_->SetZip64(commands_.IsZip64());
        isStream_ = false;
      }
      else
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
      }
    }

    void AcquireOutputStream(ZipWriter::IOutputStream* output)
    {
      std::unique_ptr<ZipWriter::IOutputStream> protection(output);

      if (zip_.get() == NULL)
      {
        zip_.reset(new HierarchicalZipWriter(protection.release(), commands_.IsZip64()));
        isStream_ = true;
      }
      else
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
      }
    }

    void CancelStream()
    {
      if (zip_.get() == NULL)
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
      }
      else if (isStream_)
      {
        zip_->CancelStream();
      }
    }

    void Close()
    {
      if (zip_.get() == NULL)
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
      }
      else
      {
        zip_->Close();
      }
    }

    uint64_t GetArchiveSize() const
    {
      if (zip_.get() == NULL)
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
      }
      else
      {
        return zip_->GetArchiveSize();
      }
    }

    size_t GetStepsCount() const
    {
      return commands_.GetSize() + 1;
    }

    void RunStep(size_t index,
                 bool transcode,
                 DicomTransferSyntax transferSyntax)
    {
      if (index > commands_.GetSize())
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_ParameterOutOfRange);
      }
      else if (zip_.get() == NULL)
      {
        throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
      }
      else if (index == commands_.GetSize())
      {
        // Last step: Add the DICOMDIR
        if (isMedia_)
        {
          assert(dicomDir_.get() != NULL);
          std::string s;
          dicomDir_->Encode(s);

          zip_->OpenFile("DICOMDIR");
          zip_->Write(s);
        }
      }
      else
      {
        if (isMedia_)
        {
          assert(dicomDir_.get() != NULL);
          commands_.Apply(*zip_, context_, instanceLoader_, index, *dicomDir_,
                          MEDIA_IMAGES_FOLDER, transcode, transferSyntax);
        }
        else
        {
          assert(dicomDir_.get() == NULL);
          commands_.Apply(*zip_, context_, instanceLoader_, index, transcode, transferSyntax);
        }
      }
    }

    unsigned int GetInstancesCount() const
    {
      return commands_.GetInstancesCount();
    }

    uint64_t GetUncompressedSize() const
    {
      return commands_.GetUncompressedSize();
    }
  };


  ArchiveJob::ArchiveJob(ServerContext& context,
                         bool isMedia,
                         bool enableExtendedSopClass,
                         ResourceType jobLevel) :
    context_(context),
    archive_(new ArchiveIndex(GetArchiveResourceType(jobLevel))),  // get patient Info from this level
    isMedia_(isMedia),
    enableExtendedSopClass_(enableExtendedSopClass),
    currentStep_(0),
    instancesCount_(0),
    uncompressedSize_(0),
    archiveSize_(0),
    transcode_(false),
    transferSyntax_(DicomTransferSyntax_LittleEndianImplicit),
    loaderThreads_(0)
  {
  }

  
  ArchiveJob::~ArchiveJob()
  {
    if (!mediaArchiveId_.empty())
    {
      context_.GetMediaArchive().Remove(mediaArchiveId_);
    }
  }


  void ArchiveJob::AcquireSynchronousTarget(ZipWriter::IOutputStream* target)
  {
    std::unique_ptr<ZipWriter::IOutputStream> protection(target);
    
    if (target == NULL)
    {
      throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_NullPointer);
    }
    else if (writer_.get() != NULL ||  // Already started
             synchronousTarget_.get() != NULL ||
             asynchronousTarget_.get() != NULL)
    {
      throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
    }
    else
    {
      synchronousTarget_.reset(protection.release());
    }
  }


  void ArchiveJob::SetDescription(const std::string& description)
  {
    if (writer_.get() != NULL)   // Already started
    {
      throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
    }
    else
    {
      description_ = description;
    }
  }

  
  void ArchiveJob::AddResource(const std::string& publicId,
                               bool mustExist,
                               ResourceType expectedType)
  {
    if (writer_.get() != NULL)   // Already started
    {
      throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
    }
    else
    {
      if (mustExist)
      {
        ResourceType type;
        if (!context_.GetIndex().LookupResourceType(type, publicId) ||
            type != expectedType)
        {
          throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_InexistentItem,
                                 "Missing resource while creating an archive: " + publicId);
        }
      }
      
      ResourceIdentifiers resource(context_.GetIndex(), publicId);
      archive_->Add(context_.GetIndex(), resource);
    }
  }


  void ArchiveJob::SetTranscode(DicomTransferSyntax transferSyntax)
  {
    if (writer_.get() != NULL)   // Already started
    {
      throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
    }
    else
    {
      transcode_ = true;
      transferSyntax_ = transferSyntax;
    }
  }

  
  void ArchiveJob::SetLoaderThreads(unsigned int loaderThreads)
  {
    if (writer_.get() != NULL)   // Already started
    {
      throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
    }
    else
    {
      loaderThreads_ = loaderThreads;
    }
  }


  void ArchiveJob::Reset()
  {
    throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls,
                           "Cannot resubmit the creation of an archive");
  }

  
  void ArchiveJob::Start()
  {
    if (loaderThreads_ == 0)
    {
      // default behaviour before loaderThreads was introducted in 1.10.0
      instanceLoader_.reset(new SynchronousInstanceLoader(context_, transcode_, transferSyntax_));
    }
    else
    {
      instanceLoader_.reset(new ThreadedInstanceLoader(context_, loaderThreads_, transcode_, transferSyntax_));
    }

    if (writer_.get() != NULL)
    {
      throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_BadSequenceOfCalls);
    }
    else
    {
      if (synchronousTarget_.get() == NULL)
      {
        if (asynchronousTarget_.get() != NULL)
        {
          // It is up to this method to create the asynchronous target
          throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_InternalError);
        }
        else
        {
          OrthancConfiguration::ReaderLock lock;
          asynchronousTarget_.reset(lock.GetConfiguration().CreateTemporaryFile());
          
          assert(asynchronousTarget_.get() != NULL);
          asynchronousTarget_->Touch();  // Make sure we can write to the temporary file
          
          writer_.reset(new ZipWriterIterator(context_, *instanceLoader_, *archive_, isMedia_, enableExtendedSopClass_));
          writer_->SetOutputFile(asynchronousTarget_->GetPath());
        }
      }
      else
      {
        assert(synchronousTarget_.get() != NULL);
    
        writer_.reset(new ZipWriterIterator(context_, *instanceLoader_, *archive_, isMedia_, enableExtendedSopClass_));
        writer_->AcquireOutputStream(synchronousTarget_.release());
      }

      instancesCount_ = writer_->GetInstancesCount();
      uncompressedSize_ = writer_->GetUncompressedSize();
    }
  }



  namespace
  {
    class DynamicTemporaryFile : public IDynamicObject
    {
    private:
      std::unique_ptr<TemporaryFile>   file_;

    public:
      explicit DynamicTemporaryFile(TemporaryFile* f) : file_(f)
      {
        if (f == NULL)
        {
          throw OrthancException(ErrorCode_NullPointer);
        }
      }

      const TemporaryFile& GetFile() const
      {
        assert(file_.get() != NULL);
        return *file_;
      }
    };
  }
  

  void ArchiveJob::FinalizeTarget()
  {
    if (writer_.get() != NULL)
    {
      writer_->Close();  // Flush all the results
      archiveSize_ = writer_->GetArchiveSize();
      writer_.reset();
    }

    if (instanceLoader_.get() != NULL)
    {
      instanceLoader_->Clear();
    }

    if (asynchronousTarget_.get() != NULL)
    {
      // Asynchronous behavior: Move the resulting file into the media archive
      mediaArchiveId_ = context_.GetMediaArchive().Add(
        new DynamicTemporaryFile(asynchronousTarget_.release()));
    }
  }
    

  JobStepResult ArchiveJob::Step(const std::string& jobId)
  {
    assert(writer_.get() != NULL);

    if (writer_->GetStepsCount() == 0)
    {
      FinalizeTarget();
      return JobStepResult::Success();
    }
    else
    {
      try
      {
        writer_->RunStep(currentStep_, transcode_, transferSyntax_);
      }
      catch (Orthanc::OrthancException& e)
      {
        LOG(ERROR) << "Error while creating an archive: " << e.What();
        writer_->CancelStream();
        throw;
      }

      currentStep_ ++;

      if (currentStep_ == writer_->GetStepsCount())
      {
        FinalizeTarget();
        return JobStepResult::Success();
      }
      else
      {
        archiveSize_ = writer_->GetArchiveSize();
        return JobStepResult::Continue();
      }
    }
  }


  void ArchiveJob::Stop(JobStopReason reason)
  {
    /**
     * New in Orthanc 1.9.3: Remove the temporary file associated with
     * the job as soon as its job gets canceled (especially visible in
     * asynchronous mode).
     **/
    if (reason == JobStopReason_Canceled ||
        reason == JobStopReason_Failure ||
        reason == JobStopReason_Retry)
    {
      writer_->CancelStream();
      
      // First delete the writer, as it holds a reference to "(a)synchronousTarget_", cf. (*)
      writer_.reset();
      
      synchronousTarget_.reset();
      asynchronousTarget_.reset();
    }
  }


  float ArchiveJob::GetProgress()
  {
    if (writer_.get() == NULL ||
        writer_->GetStepsCount() == 0)
    {
      return 1;
    }
    else
    {
      return (static_cast<float>(currentStep_) /
              static_cast<float>(writer_->GetStepsCount() - 1));
    }
  }

    
  void ArchiveJob::GetJobType(std::string& target)
  {
    if (isMedia_)
    {
      target = "Media";
    }
    else
    {
      target = "Archive";
    }
  }


  void ArchiveJob::GetPublicContent(Json::Value& value)
  {
    value = Json::objectValue;
    value[KEY_DESCRIPTION] = description_;
    value[KEY_INSTANCES_COUNT] = instancesCount_;
    value[KEY_UNCOMPRESSED_SIZE_MB] =
      static_cast<unsigned int>(uncompressedSize_ / MEGA_BYTES);
    value[KEY_ARCHIVE_SIZE_MB] =
      static_cast<unsigned int>(archiveSize_ / MEGA_BYTES);

    // New in Orthanc 1.9.4
    value[KEY_ARCHIVE_SIZE] = boost::lexical_cast<std::string>(archiveSize_);
    value[KEY_UNCOMPRESSED_SIZE] = boost::lexical_cast<std::string>(uncompressedSize_);

    if (transcode_)
    {
      value[KEY_TRANSCODE] = GetTransferSyntaxUid(transferSyntax_);
    }
  }


  bool ArchiveJob::GetOutput(std::string& output,
                             MimeType& mime,
                             std::string& filename,
                             const std::string& key)
  {   
    if (key == "archive" &&
        !mediaArchiveId_.empty())
    {
      SharedArchive::Accessor accessor(context_.GetMediaArchive(), mediaArchiveId_);

      if (accessor.IsValid())
      {
        const DynamicTemporaryFile& f = dynamic_cast<DynamicTemporaryFile&>(accessor.GetItem());
        f.GetFile().Read(output);
        mime = MimeType_Zip;
        filename = "archive.zip";
        return true;
      }
      else
      {
        return false;
      }
    }    
    else
    {
      return false;
    }
  }

  bool ArchiveJob::DeleteOutput(const std::string& key)
  {   
    if (key == "archive" &&
        !mediaArchiveId_.empty())
    {
      SharedArchive::Accessor accessor(context_.GetMediaArchive(), mediaArchiveId_);

      if (accessor.IsValid())
      {
        context_.GetMediaArchive().Remove(mediaArchiveId_);
        return true;
      }
      else
      {
        return false;
      }
    }    
    else
    {
      return false;
    }
  }

  void ArchiveJob::DeleteAllOutputs()
  {
    DeleteOutput("archive");
  }
}